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沪江独家:四级翻译必背3大篇章模板

更新时间:2021-06-30 09:24来源:未知

大家好,四级考试近在眼前。听说你们翻译还不会写??今天的文章拯救你!!!

声明:本文为沪江英语四六级原创,未经授权,禁止转载。

四级翻译考情综述

2013年四级考试改革后,翻译就从之前的单句翻译改为段落翻译,主要考察内容“涉及中国文化、历史及社会发展三大方面”<2016新四六级考纲>。

而细查历年考题,考查的话题更为具体。如2017年考的长江/黄河/珠江,黄山/华山/泰山、太湖/青海湖/洞庭湖等属于中国地理;而社会发展类目下,经济、科技、教育等也都有涉及。

经过分析,四级翻译常考话题按考频排列:中国历史文化> 社会发展> 中国经济。

今天阁主就把大纲中规定必考的3大话题,总结出了常考篇章行文模板,当然贴心地附带翻译,且配上了考过的真题供大家对照学习,希望能帮助大家高效复习~

一、中国历史文化3大篇章结构

根据历年考情,为了方便大家记忆,阁主把中国历史文化题材的行文篇章分成了3类:传统文化、节日类、景点建筑类。

比如:中国灯笼,最早起源于1800多年前的西汉时期。

Chinese lanterns firstoriginated inWestern Han Dynasty some 1,800 years ago.

代表考题:16.6 四级 功夫 17.6 红色/白色/黄色

功夫(Kung Fu)是中国武术(martial arts)的俗称。中国武术的起源可以追溯到自卫的需要,狩猎活动以及古代中国的军事训练。它是中国传统体育运动的一种,年轻人和老年人都练。它已逐渐演变成了中国文化的独特元素。作为中国的国宝,功夫有上百种不同的风格,是世界上练得最多的武术形式。有些风格模仿了动物的动作,还有一些则受到了中国哲学思想、神话和传说的启发。

Chinese martial arts, known as Kung Fu, can be traced back to the needs of self-defense, hunting activities and ancient China military training. Kung Fu , one of the Chinese traditional sports, is being practised by both the youth and the old people and has gradually become a special element of Chinese culture. As a national treasure of China, Kung Fu has hundreds of different styles, and is the martial arts practised most in the world. Some styles imitate the movements of animals, while some are inspired by Chinese philosophy thinking, myths and legends. (文都教育版)

在中国文化中,黄颜色是一种很重要的颜色,因为它具有独特的象征意义。在封建(feudal)社会中,它象征统治者的权力和权威。那时,黄色是专为皇帝使用的颜色,皇家宫殿全都漆成黄色,皇袍总是黄色的,而普通老百姓是禁止穿黄色衣服的。在中国,黄色也是收获的象征。秋天庄稼成熟时,田野变得一片金黄。人们兴高采烈,庆祝丰收。

In Chinese culture, yellow is a very important color because of its unique symbolic meaning. In feudal society, it symbolizes the rulers’ power and authority. At that time, yellow was the color for the emperor. The royal palace was entirely painted yellow and the imperial robe was always yellow too, but common people were forbidden to wear yellow clothes. In China, yellow also symbolizes harvest. When crops ripe in autumn, fields turn entirely golden. People celebrates the good harvest happily. (沪江网校高分版)

代表考题:13.12 六级中秋节

中国人自古以来就在中秋时节庆祝丰收。这与北美地区庆祝感恩节的习俗十分相似。过中秋节的习俗唐代早期在中国各地开始流行。中秋节在农历八月十五,是人们拜月的节日。这天夜晚皓月当空,人们合家团聚,共赏明月。2006年,中秋节被列为中国的文化遗产,2008年又被定为公共假日。月饼被视为中秋节不町或缺的美食。人们将月饼作为礼物馈赠亲友或在家庭聚会上享甩。传统的月饼上带有“寿(longevity)”、“福”或“和”等字样。

Since ancient times, the Chinese people usually celebrate harvest in the Mid-Autumn, which is similar to the custom of celebrating Thanksgiving in the North America.The Mid-Autumn has become popular all over China in the Early Tang Dynasty. The Mid-Autumn Festival, celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar, is a day for worshiping the moon. At that day, family members get together and enjoythebrightmoonintheskyat night. In 2006, the Mid-Autumn was listed as a China cultural heritage, and in 2008 designated as a public holiday. The moon cake, an indispensable food of the Festival, is often used as a gift for relatives and friends or enjoyed in the family party. Traditional moon cakes are imprinted with Chinese characters with such meanings as “longevity”, “happiness” or “harmony”. (沪江网校版)

代表考题:16.6 四级 乌镇,17.12 四级 泰山/华山/黄山, 六级洞庭湖/太湖/青海湖

太湖是中国东部的一个淡水湖,占地面积2250平方公里,是中国第三大淡水湖,仅次于鄱阳和洞庭,太湖约有90个岛屿,大小从几平方米到几平方公里不等。太湖以其独特的“太湖石”而闻名,太湖石常用装饰中国传统园林。太湖也以高产的捕鱼业而闻名。自从上世纪70年代后期以来,捕捞鱼蟹对沿湖的居民来说极为重要,并对周边地区的经济作出了重大贡献。太湖地区是中国陶瓷业基地之一。其中宜兴的陶瓷厂家生产举世闻名的宜兴紫砂壶。

Lake Tai is a freshwater lake in the eastern part of China. With an area of 2,250 square kilometres, Lake Tai ranks the third-largest freshwater lake in China, after Lake Poyang and Lake Dongting. Lake Tai houses about 90 islands, ranging in size from a few square metres to several square kilometres. The lake is renowned for its unique ‘Taihu stones’, which are often used to decorate traditional Chinese gardens. The lake is also known for its productive fishing industry. Since the late 1970s, harvesting food products such as fish and crabs has been invaluable to people living along the lakes and has contributed significantly to the economy of the surrounding area. The lake area is one of the ceramic centres in China, where Yixing pottery factories produce the world-famous Yixing clay teapots. (沪江网校高分版)

二、社会发展题材常见篇章结构

社会发展这块,四级翻译考查范围较广:覆盖了中国发展、互联网社区的发展、中国城市化进程、中国教育的发展,还涉及到教育公平、学汉语等话题。

为了跟中国经济发展区分开,姑且把除了中国经济外的内容都划分到社会发展这块,比如 中科院年度系列报告、中文热词等。

代表考题:中国快递,14.12 中国互联网发展

中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的,2010年,中国约有4.2亿网民(netizen),而且人数还在迅速增长。互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。中国网民往往不同于美国网民。美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客、聊天室等。

The Chinese Internet Community experienced the fastest development. By 2010, there had been 420 million netizens in China and this number is still rising rapidly. The popularization of Internet has brought about huge changes. Generally speaking, American netizens are more often than not driven by real necessities such as sending emails, on-line trading, doing research, travel planning and on-line payment. While, Chinese netizens use Internet out of the need for social communication. Therefore, they log more generally onto web forums, blogs and chatting rooms. (沪江网校版)

三、中国经济题材常见篇章结构(六级较多)

比如2015年12月的中国政府工业升级、中国减贫、2014年12月中国计划经济转为市场经济。

今天的内容就到这里了

祝大家四级顺利通过~

版权声明:本文为微信沪江英语四六级原创,未经授权,禁止转载。