欢迎访问名校网
名校网

英语六级翻译专项练习:被动语态与情态动词

更新时间:2021-11-15 08:41来源:未知

被动语态

1) The blackboard and chalk _______________(正在被电脑和投影机所取代).

2) The book _______________(到今年年底就将已出版).

3) Computer models _______________(可以用来演示细胞工作的方式).

4) When the bill of fare was brought, _______________(我惊呆了,价格大大超出了我的预料).

5) _______________(必须立即采取有效措施)

情态动词

1) The phone is ringing, _______________(但是没人接听。她一定不在家).

2) I can’t find my sunglasses. _______________(我可能昨天落在咖啡店里了).

3) You screamed in your sleep last night. _______________(你一定梦见什么可怕的东西了).

4) It’s a pity. _______________(你本应该邀请她来参加你的毕业典礼的).

5) _______________(其实我没必要穿上我最好的套装去参加那次聚会的); most of the guests were wearing jeans and sweaters.

参考答案:

被动语态
1) is being replaced by the computer and the projector
 (考点:被动语态的现在进行时)

2) will have been published by the end of this year
 (考点:被动语态的将来完成时)

3) can be used to demonstrate the way that cells work
 (考点:1. 被动语态与情态动词联用; 2. 汉语有些没有“被”字等标志词的句子也表示被动, 要译成英语的被动语态)

4) I was startled, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated
 (考点:同“3”的考点2)

5) Effective measures must be taken immediately
 (考点:汉语的无主句通常翻译成英语的被动语态)

情态动词
1) but there is no answer. She can’t be at home
考点:情态动词可以表示可能性,can’t 表示“一定不”)

2) I may have left them in the coffee shop yesterday
 (考点:“情态动词can/could, may/might, must + 完成式”用于表示对过去发生的动作的主观判断)

3) You must have dreamed of something terrible
 (考点:同上)

4) You should have invited her to your graduation ceremony
 (考点:“情态动词should/ought to + have done” 用于评论过去应该做而实际并未做的动作,含有批评的意思)

5) I needn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party
 (考点:“情态动词needn’t + have + done”表示对过去发生的动作进行评论,认为“无须发生”,“不必做”)

更多节目请进入2010年12月CET6备考小组