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2014年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

更新时间:2021-04-18 16:48来源:未知
2014年广州市初中毕业生学业考试
英语
本试卷共五大题,12页,满分135分。考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答题前,考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的考生号、姓名;填写考点考场号、座位号,再用2B铅笔把对应这两个号码的标号涂黑。

2.选择题的答案用2B铅笔把答题卡上选择题答题区中对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案;答案不能写在试题上。

3.非选择题答案必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔写在答题卡各题目指定区域内的相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,改动后的答案也不能超出指定的区域;不准使用铅笔、圆珠笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

一、听力(共两节,满分20分)

二、语言知识及运用(共两节,满分20分)

第一节单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

从16~25各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出可填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

16.---Wouldyouliketeaorcoffee?

---______,thanks!I’dpreferacoke.

A.BothB.NeitherC.AllD.Some

17.YesterdayfordinnerIhadapieceofbeef,vegetablesand______.

A.somericeB.afewriceC.alittlericesD.arice

18.Bequiet!Thestudents______aphysicstestinthenextroom.

A.hadB.havehadC.werehavingD.arehaving

19.Heisverysurprisedthatallthehousesinthevillage______white.

A.paintB.paintedC.arepaintingD.arepainted

20.Doyouknowtheman______istalkingtoMissWu?

A.heB.whomC.whoD.which

21.---SorryI’mlate.

---_______tellmethebusbrokedownagain!

A.NevertoB.NotC.Don’tD.No

22.---Doyouwanttoeathere?

---No.Justfishandchipsto______,please.

A.getawayB.takeawayC.sendawayD.throwaway

23.Ihavealovelyroom.It’sthe______inthehotel.

A.niceB.nicerC.nicestD.mostnice

24.Mumsays______Idomyhomeworknow,IcanwatchTVforanhourtonight.

A.ifB.thoughC.becauseD.while

25.Idon’tunderstand______suchasillyquestioninclassyesterday.

A.whydidJohnaskB.whyJohnaskedC.whyisJohnaskingD.whyJohnasks

第二节语法选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从26~35各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

AstwowomenwalkedintoaNewJerseyhospital,theylaughed.Itshowedthelovethathadheldthemtogether__26__fortyyearsasbestfriends.Althoughtheywerelaughing,oneoftheseladieswouldsoonputherlifeindanger__27__herbestfriend.

PattyHurleyandEileenRileymetathighschoolandhavebeenclosefriendseversince.ButwhenEileen,__28__nurse,becameillwithkidney(肾)disease,shedidn’tgorunningtoherfriend—Pattycametohelpher,after__29__Eileenwassick.“Mykidneysarefailing,”Eileenexplained.

“CanIgiveyouoneofmine?”__30__theimmediatereply.

Theofferwassosimple__31__Eileenthoughtshehadheardwrong.ButPattyrepeatedshewaswillingtohelp,andtheirjourneytotheoperatingtablebegan.

Eileenalwaysknewthatherfriendwouldhelp.Shesaid__32__,“WhenPattymakesapromise,shekeeps__33__.”

TheoperationwentaheadinMay,andbothwomenarenowveryhealthyand__34__thanever.

“Therearenowordstodescribe__35__amazingthiswomanis,”Eileensaidafterwards.“Shegavememylife.”

26.A.inB.forC.sinceD.with

27.A.saveB.savedC.savesD.tosave

28.A.aB.anC.theD./

29.A.hearB.heardC.hearingD.tohear

30.A.cameB.comesC.comeD.coming

31.A.asB.whichC.thatD.until

32.A.simpleB.simplyC.simplerD.simplest

33.A.itB.themC.itsD.ones

34.A.closestB.mostcloseC.closerD.closely

35.A.soB.whyC.whatD.how

三、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后36~45各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Onemorningafoxwassearchingforhisbreakfast.Hewentdowntothelaketo__36__somefish.Suddenlyhesawarabbitdiggingaholeonthebankofthelakeanddecidedtoeatitinstead.Notwantingtherabbittodiscoverhim,thefoxmoved___37___towardshismeal.Ashegotcloser,hesteppedonsomedryleaves.Therabbitthen___38___infear.Whenhesawthefox,hestartedtoshout.

“Quiet!Whydoyourabbitsshoutsomuch?”askedthefox,slightlyannoyedthathehadlosthis___39___.

“Iamsorry,butyouscaredme.Yoursharpteethmakeme___40___,”repliedtherabbit.“ButIdon’twanttoeatyou,”liedthefox,“Iamonlyheretohelpwithyour____41____.Iwillbebacktomorrowandhelpyoudigyourhole.”

Thenextday,thefoxreturnedtothe___42___.Therehesawagroupofrabbitsbusilydiggingholesonthebank.Hethoughtaboutcatchingone.Atthatmomenttherabbithehadmetthedaybeforestartedjumpingupanddown,makinga___43___noisetowarnhisfriends.Alltherabbitsandeventhefishquickly___44___.Thepoorfoxcouldnotfindanythingtocatchforfoodandendedup___45___fruit.



36.A.catchB.buyC.smellD.cook

37.A.noisilyB.silentlyC.confidentlyD.angrily

38.A.lookeddownB.lookedawayC.turnedoffD.turnedaround

39.A.timeB.placeC.mealD.fish

40.A.sadB.excitedC.nervousD.happy

41.A.foodB.workC.storyD.friends

42.A.breakfastB.houseC.lakeD.mountain

43.A.loudB.lowC.usualD.dangerous

44.A.returnedB.shoutedC.enteredD.disappeared

45.A.growingB.eatingC.pickingD.selling

四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后36~45各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(A)
Ihadhiddenthelongblackbaginthegarageforthepasttwodays.Tonight,inthedark,Iwouldfinallytakeitaway.IfeverythingwentOK,itwouldbedonebymorning.ButIhadtobesurenoone,notevenmywife,sawme.

ItwasmoredifficulttogetawayfromthepartythanIexpected.Isaidthatthechildrenweretiredandneededtogettobed.Itwaspartlytrue.ButthemainreasonforleavingwasthatIwantedtocompletemyplan.

FirstIhadtogetthekidstosleep.Thatwasnevereasyatanytimeandtonightitwasevenmoredifficult.Theeldestonewantedtoknowwhyweleftthepartyearly.Itoldhim10:30pmwasnotearly.Asusual,Ireadthemabedtimestory,butIhadtostopmyselfreadingtooquicklyortheywouldlearnmysecret.

Silencefinallycame,andfeelinglikeathiefinthenight,Iwentoutofthehouseandintothegarage.Takingoneend,Idraggedthebagoutfromitshidingplaceandtookitintothegarden.Iwasworriedthatmyneighboursmightseemeandcallthepolice.

Itwasalreadyeleveno‘clock.BythelightofthemoonIstartedworking,tryingtomakeaslittlenoiseaspossible.Andthatwasnoteasywithasaw(锯子)andahammer.

Aftermucheffort,myworkwasfinallycompleted.Ilookeddownatmywatch.Itwasexactly4:00am.ThenIwentinsidetohaveashowerandgetafewhoursofsleep.Itwouldn‘tbelongnowbeforethekidswouldrushintomyroomandwakemeuptotellmeaboutthenewtree-houseFatherChristmashadbroughtthemthisyear.

46.Whydidthemanfeelnervous?

A.Heleftthepartytoolate.

B.Hewasafraidofthedarkness.

C.Hedidn’tknowwheretheblackbagwas.

D.Heworriedthatotherswoulddiscoverhissecret.

47.Theunderlinedword“they”inParagraph3refersto__________.

A.thievesB.parentsC.childrenD.neighbours

48.Inwhatorderdidthemandothefollowing?

a.Readthekidsastory.

b.Hadashower.

c.Workedinthemoonlight.

d.Draggedthebagfromthegarage.

e.Wenttoaparty.

A.e-d-a-b-cB.e-a-d-c-bC.a-b-e-d-cD.a-e-d-c-b

49.Whatdidthemanwanttodoafterfinishinghisplan?

A.Gotosleep.B.Wakeuphischildren.C.Openthebag.D.Callthepolice.

50.Howwouldthechildrenfeelwhentheysawtheman’swork?

A.Confused.B.Excited.C.Tired.D.Angry.


(B)
InearlyNovemberof1503,duringChristopherColumbus’fourthandfinaltripAmerica,hisshipwasseriouslydamagedinastorm.ColumbusandhismenhadtoliveonasmallislandforseveralmonthswhiletheytriedtorepairtheirshipandreturntoSpain.

Atfirst,thelocalpeopleontheislandwereverykindtotheEuropeanvisitors,givingthemallthefoodandclothestheyneededtosurvive.However,asthemonthspassed,thelocalpeoplebecamemoreandmoreunhappywiththeirguests,whoweretrickingandstealingfromthem.Finallythelocalsdecidedtostophelping.Withoutfoodoranywaytoleavetheisland,Columbus’groupwassooninserioustrouble.

LuckilyforColumbus,hehadabookaboutthestarsandplanetsonhisship.Itdescribedthemovementsofalltheobjectsinthenightsky.Thebook,writtenbyawell-knownGermanscientist,saidtherewouldbeatotallunareclipse(月食)ontheeveningofFebruary29,1504andhowlongitwouldlast.

ColumbusworkedoutthedifferenceintimebetweenGermanyandNorthAmerica.Hethenhadameetingwiththelocalleadersjustbeforetheeclipsewouldtakeplace.Inthismeeting,Columbustoldthemhisgodwasangrybecausethelocalpeoplewerenolongergivingfood.Sohisgodwouldtakeawaythemoontopunishthem.AtthemomentColumbusfinishedtalking,justashehadplanned,themoonbegandisappearing.

ThelocalleadersgrewfrightenedandquicklyagreedtoprovideColumbuswithfoodandanythingelsehewanted.Butfirst,Columbus’godhadtoreturnthemoon.Columbustoldthemhewouldhavetodiscusstheideawithhisgodonhisship.Knowingthemoonwouldstaycompletelyhiddenforabout48minutes,Columbusreturnedjustbeforethemoonbegantoreappear.Fromthatdayon,untiltheyfinallyleft,Columbusandhismennolongerhadanytroublegettingthefoodtheyneeded.

51.Atfirst,thelocalpeoplehelpedColumbusandhismenby__________.

A.givingthemfoodB.buildingahouseforthem

C.repairingtheirshipD.providingthemwithabook

52.ThelocalpeoplebecameangrybecausetheEuropeans__________.

A.lookedverydifferentB.hadnothingtotrade

C.werecheatsandthievesD.wantedtotaketheirland

53.WheredidColumbuslearnaboutthelunareclipse?

A.Fromabook.B.Fromthemoon.

C.Fromhisgroup.D.Fromthelocals.

54.WhatdidColumbusdoafterreturningtohisshiponthenightofthemeeting?

A.Hediscussedtheproblemwithhisgod.

B.Hewaitedfortheeclipsetofinish.

C.Hereadaboutthestarsandplanets.

D.Hetoldhismenwhathappened.

55.WhatcanwelearnabouttheEuropeansfromthepassage?

A.Theyallbelievedingod.

B.TheyneverreturnedtoSpain.

C.Theyadmiredthelocalpeople.

D.Theycausedtheirownproblems.


(C)
Intoday’sworldofmodernscienceandmedicine,amoretraditionaltreatmentisonceagainbecomingpopular-animalfriendship.

Itisnowwell-knownthatpeoplewithproblemssuchasheartdiseaseorcancerlivelongerandgetbettermorequicklyiftheyhavepets.Keepingpetslowersbloodpressureandmakespeoplelessworried.Animalsareincreasinglyimportantintreatingolderpeoplewhohavememorylossandotherbrainproblems.Thesepeopleoftenfeelnervousandupset.Activitieswithanimalshelpthemimprovetheirphysicalconditionandalsogivethemjoy,entertainmentandlovingfriendship.

Hereisacasethatshowsthebenefitsofanimals.Johnwasasix-year-oldmute.Hehadnophysicalproblems.Hejustrefusedtotalk.Hisoldercousin,Ned,hadaparrotcalledSally,andJohnusedtovisitit.Whenhearrived,Netusedtosay,“Hi,John!”Weallknowparrotscopywhattheyhear.Afterafewvisits,Sallybegansaying“Hi,John!”whenJohncameintotheroom.Then,oneday,Johnturnedtotheparrotandreplied“Hi,Sally!”StayingwiththeparrotencouragedJohntobegintalking.

Anotheruseofanimalhelpersisinschools.Insomecases,animalsareusedtohelpchildrenwithphysicalorpersonalproblems.Inothercases,theyareusedtoteachchildrentogetonandsharewithothers,andeventoteachthemaboutanimals.

Ifyouwanttoknowmoreaboutanimalhelperprogrammes,youcangetintouchwithorganizationslikeRidingfortheDisabledordoasearchunder“animaltherapy”ontheInternet.Youdon’thavetobeananimaltraineroradoctortojoinin.

56.WhichisNOTmentionedasanillnessthatanimalscanhelpwith?

A.HeartdiseaseB.CancerC.FeverD.Bloodpressure

57.Theunderlinedword“mute”inparagraph3isclosestinmeaningto“_______”.

A.apersonwhospeaksslowlyB.apersonwhodoesnotspeak

C.apersonwhocannothearD.apersonwhoenjoystalking

58.Thepurposeofparagraph3isto_______.

A.showhowanimalscanhelpwithillnesses

B.discusstheproblemsofkeepingpets

C.describehowtotrainanimalhelpers

D.introducesomenewmedicalresearch

59.Howcananimalshelpschoolchildrenaccordingtothepassage?

A.Theycanimprovechildren’smemory.

B.Theycanmakechildrenmorepopular.

C.Theycanincreasechildren’sbloodpressure.

D.Theycanteachchildrentosharewitheachother.

60.Whatisthebesttitleofthispassage?

A.Bekindtoanimals

B.Talkingtoanimals

C.Themostdangerousdiseases

D.Gethealthywithanimalhelpers


(D)
Mobilephonesaremoreimportantthaneverinthedailylivesofstudents,buthowtheyusethemhaschangedgreatlyinthepastsixyears.Whilephonesarestillwidelyuseforcommunication,arecentstudyhasfoundthatmoststudentsthinktalkingonmobilephonesisnowold-fashioned.

LondonUniversityresearcherssurveyed1055youngpeopleaged13to18abouttheirmobilephonehabits.Theresearchersdividedmobilephoneuseinto“communication”and“entertainment”.Communicationincludedtalkingonthephoneandwritingmessagesusingtexting(短信)orchattingsoftware.Entertainmentwasmadeupofplayinggames,watchingmovies,listeningtomusicandsurfingtheInternet.Thefindingswerethencomparedtoa2008study,toseewhatchanged.Theresultsareshownbelow:

2014年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

Perhapsmostsurprisingishowlittletimestudentsspendtalkingontheirphonesthesedays.Sixyearsagotheaveragestudentspent36%oftheirmobilephonetimemakingorreceivingcalls.In2014,only10%oftimewasusedfortalking.Whenstudentsusetheirphonestocommunicate,moreandmoreoftenitisdonebyusingchatsoftwarelikeqqorwechat.

“Communicationisstillanimportantfunctionofmobilephones.Butnowmobilephonesarebeingusedmoreforentertainmentthanforcommunication,”saidDrHarryLectre,theresearchleader.

61.Whatwasthemostpopularmobilephoneactivityin2014?

A.Talking.B.Texting.C.Playinggames.D.Watchingmovies.

62.Intotal,whatpercentageoftimedidstudentsusetheirmobilephonesforcommunicationin2008?

A.16%.B.28%.C.35%.D.71%.

63.Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutwatchingmoviesonmobilephones?

A.Ithasincreasedmostoverthepastsixyears.

B.14%ofstudentsnowwatchmoviesontheirmobilephones.

C.Itwasthemostpopulartypeofmobilephoneentertainmentin2008.

D.Studentsnowspendmoretimewatchingmoviesthantalkingontheirphones.

64.WhichmobilephoneactivitiesweremorepopularthansurfingtheInternetin2014?

A.Chattingandwatchingmovies.

B.Chattingandlisteningtomusic.

C.Playinggamesandwatchingmovies.

D.Playinggamesandtexting.

65.Thepassagecanbestbedescribedasa/an_______.

A.reportB.storyC.advertisementD.argument

五、写作(共三节,满分30分)

第一节单词拼写(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词。(每空限填一词)

66.WhenIwasyounger,myh___________wascollectingstamps,butnowIlikepainting.

67.Don’tf___________toturnoffthelightswhenyouleavetheclassroom.

68.I’mfeelingh___________now.WherecanIgetsomethingtoeat?

69.Theboxistooheavyforme.Wouldyoupleasehelpmec___________it?

70.I’mdreamingofawhiteChristmasbecauseitneversnowsinw___________inGuangzhou.

第二节完成句子(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限一词)

71.长大后我想成为一名英语教师。

IwanttobeanEnglishteacherwhenI____________________.

72.呆在家里,直到你妈妈回来。

Stayinyourhouse__________yourmother____________________.

73.你们自己算出了这道数学题。多么聪明的孩子啊!

You’veworkedoutthemathsproblemyourselves.____________________childrenyouare!

74.为了进一步美化校园,下个月会在学校种很多树。

Nextmonthmanytrees______________________________inourschooltomakeitmorebeautiful.

75.我们计划去北京,但还没决定何时去。

WeareplanningtogotoBeijing,butwehaven’tdecided______________________________.

三、书面表达(共1题,满分15分)

为弘扬广府文化,你校在上周六举行了一次“GuangzhouCultureFestival”的活动。请根据以下提示写一篇英语短文,介绍活动的情况并提出你对下一年文化节的建议。

2014年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

注意:1.词数80左右(文章开头已给出,不计入词数);

2.不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。

Inordertoincreasestudents’knowledgeaboutthetraditionalcultureofGuangzhou,ourschoolhelda“GuangzhouCultureFestival”lastSaturday....



2014年广州市中考英语试卷答案
2014年广州市中考英语试卷及答案